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-----Application Notes ----- Dictionaries ----- Reference Links ----- Tutorials -----



Application Notes

- Antennas for Low Power. (pdf - 135KB)

- Antenna Design Basics. (pdf - 761KB)

- CMOS Circuits Basics. (pdf - 185KB)

- CMOS Layout Design Optimization. (pdf - 106KB)

- Digital Communications: Digital Modulation. (pdf - 548KB)

- Digital Communication Filters. (pdf - 239KB)

- Electrostatics Basics. (pdf -50KB)

- Electrostatics Principles: Electric Field, Voltage, Ohm's Law (pdf - 70KB)

- Electromagnetism and Inductance. (Word Document - 220KB)

- Filters Basic Introduction. (pdf -399KB)

- IGBT (Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor) Basics. (pdf - 123KB)

- Linear and Switching Voltage Regulator's Basics. (pdf - 145KB)

- Linear Regulators: Theory of Operation. (pdf - 144KB)

- Microprocessors: The PIC16F87x. (pdf - 472KB)

- MOSFET Device Basics. (pdf - 378KB)

- MOSFETS : An Introduction focusing on Power Mosfets. (pdf - 87KB)

- Operational Amplifier Basics. (pdf -195KB)

- Operational Amplifier Circuit Applications. (pdf -164KB)

- Phase-Locked Loops (PLL's) for High Frequencies: Essentials (pdf. -69KB)

- Power Supplies Fundamentals. (pdf - 121KB)

- RS-232 Fundamentals. (pdf -75KB)

- Transistor's History.  (pdf - 486KB)

- Transmission Lines and Waveguides Basics.  (pdf. - 611KB)


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- Dictionary of Acronyms :  Acronyms

- Electronics and Technology Acronyms: Technology Acronyms

- Biotech's Life Science Dictionary : Biotech

- Chemistry Dictionary (Terminology) : Chemistry

- Computing Dictionary : Computer Science

- Electronics Dictionary : Electronics

- Keyword Map of  the Internet: Kwmap

- Lexicon and Thesaurus on the Web: L3xicon

- Dictionary of Measures, Units and Conventions : Measures, Units and Conventions

- Online Dictionary of Nanotechnology: Nanotechnology terminology

- Internet Terms Dictionary : Netlingo

- Units: Symbols and Prefixes. (IEEE) :  Symbols and Prefixes

- Dictionary of Computer and Internet Terms :  Webopedia

- Other Dictionaries: Dictionary Directory



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Reference Links

- A Guide to Semiconductors -

        A guide to all different aspects of semiconductor technology.

- Antennas Basics -

        Introduction to Antennas. Polarization, Impedance.  Basic types of Antennas.

- Basics of Electronics-

        Electronic Components, Ohm's Law; Voltage, Current and Resistance; Series, Parallel and

        Combination Circuits, Schematic Symbols.

- Basics of AC Electronics -

        Excellent source for Basics of AC Electronics including AC Waveforms and AC circuits,

        some background of DC Electronics is also covered i.e: RC and RL circuits.

- Basics of different Electronics Subjects -

        Basics of diverse Electronics subjects: Including Electromagnetism, Circuits, Filters,

        Digital Electronics, Components, Semiconductor Materials, Amplifiers and other subjects.

        Includes also an Intermediate Level.

- Bluetooth Basics -

          An article on the basics of Bluetooth technology by How Stuff Works.

- DSP Guide -

          The Scientist and Engineer's Guide to Digital Signal Processing.  An online book by Steven

          W. Smith.  Fundamentals of DSP, Digital Filters and Applications.

- Electronic Circuits and theory. -

          Lecture Notes on Electronics subjects and circuits - AC and DC Circuits, Filter Circuits,

          Diode Circuits, Transistor Circuits, Op Amps, Digital Circuits, Oscillators, A/Ds and D/As,

          and Computer Circuits. (Brief but good Notes with corresponding circuits and graphs.)

- EMI Protection -

          Practical aspects of EMI protection.

- ESD Prevention and Control -

          A guide to prevention and control of Electro-static discharge.

- Filters -

          Analog Filter Design basics: An introduction.

- Flip Chip Technology -

          Excellent Reference links on Flip Chip Technology.

- Magnetism -

          Lecture Notes on The Magnetic Field, Magnetic Forces and Sources of Magnetic Fields.

          Physics Dept. at the University of Winnipeg, California.

- Microprocessors -

          Reference links to tutorials on Microprocessors, included are the Motorola 68000,

          the 8051 and the 8086 Microprocessors.

- Nanotechnology -

          A simple Introduction to the Nanotech world by How Stuff Works, includes examples.

- Op Amp Reference Book -

          A Book on Op Amp Design including every single aspect (on a pdf file).

- PC Boards Basics  -

          Basic useful information for designing PC Boards.

- Physics Notes -

          Introductory Physics Lecture notes from the Physics Dept. at the University of Winnipeg(CA).

          Subjects: Physics of Motion, Electricity, Magnetism, Quantum Physics, Atomic Physics

          and Nuclear Physics. (brief, but clear)

- Power Electronics Introduction -

           Course notes to an Intro to Power Electronics by Dragan Maksimovic at the

           University of Colorado.

- Radar Basics -

           A good basic Introduction to the technology of radars.

- Radio Electronics -

           Information on different aspects of radio electronics, and radio electronics components.

- Satellite Basics -

          Tutorial on Basic Satellite concepts, history and milestones, some installation guidelines.

- Semiconductor Physics Guide -

          A reference on Semiconductor Physics and lasers.

- Smith Chart Basics -

          Using the Smith Chart for Impedance Matching.

- Transformers -

           Discussion on inner workings of a Transformer, how it is constructed and other aspects

           such as voltage ratio and impedance matching considerations.

- Transmission Line Terminations Simulation  -

          Simulates the effect that different Transmission line terminations have on the input signals.

          Includes a matched Transmission line (load resistance = Zo), Zl > Zo and Zl < Zo.

- Transmission Line Guide -

          Quick reference guide for some of the essentials of Transmission Line Theory.

- VLSI Systems Design -

          CMOS VLSI Design covering all different aspects.  Applications in Multimedia and




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- A-Z  Top Electronics/Electricity Tutorial Websites -

- Audio Engineering -

        University of Washington's Electrical Engineering Dept. (Seattle, WA) - A Tutorial

        on the basics of sound and music from a physical and biological beginning to

        an Engineering approach to the way sounds can be studied.

- AutoCAD Tutorial -

         AutoCAD Tutorial showing all aspects of drawing with the AutoCAD software.

         Examples are very good and illustrative, very detailed and well organized.

- Beginner's Electronics -

        Iguana Labs Inc. Tutorials - Basic Electronics concepts, Components: Resistors, Diodes,

        LEDs, Switches and Capacitors, Ohm's Law, Using LEDs and Transistors, Pulses, Clock

        and Oscillators.

- Bluetooth Tutorial -

        Bluetooth Specifications and basics. Protocol Stack is examined.

- Capacitors Tutorial -

        A very comprehensive description and discussion on capacitors: Types of capacitors,

        different sizes, voltage ratings, units, basic physics behind them.

- D.C. Circuits Basics -

        University of Guelph's Physics Department (Ontario, CA) - Includes Schematic

        Diagrams, Ohm's Law, Resistor Circuits, More complicated Circuits, Superposition

        Theorem, Kirchoff's Current and Voltage Laws, Examples and Self Test.

- DC-DC Converter Tutorial -

          Outline of different types of Switching Regulators used in DC-DC conversion.

- DSP (Digital Signal Processing) -

        Introduction to Digital Processing (DSP) - Includes Basics of DSP, Time Domain,

        Frequency Analysis, Filtering and DSP Processors.

- Digital Systems Tutorials Part I -

        University of Sidney's School of Electrical and Information Engineering- Includes

        Intro to Digital concepts, Number Systems and Codes, Logic Gates and Boolean Algebra.

- Digital Systems Tutorials Part II -

        University of Sidney- Includes: Flip-Flops, Counters and Registers.

- Digital Systems Tutorials Part III-

         University of Sidney- Topics: Sequential Circuits, Flip Flops, Counters (more advanced than II).

- Filters Tutorial  -

         A Tutorial covering all different aspects of Analog Filters.

- Laser Tutorial - 

         A Tutorial on lasers including the Physics behind them by Web Science Resources.

- LCD Technology Tutorial -

         A good introduction tutorial on LCD Technology.

- Math Basics Tutorials -

        University of Guelph's Physics Dept. (Ontario, CA) - Includes the following basic Math

        subjects:  Algebra, Trigonometry, Simple Functions, Oscillating Functions, Logarithms and

        Graphs, Vectors, Unit Conversions.

- Matlab Tutorial -

         Tutorial on Matlab by Athena Consulting Services Online.  Very clear and complete.

- Matlab Tutorial Basics -

         Another Tutorial on Matlab by the University of Colorado at Boulder: Basics, Image

         Processing, Linear Algebra and Programming.

- Microcontroller Tutorials: 8052 and compatible  -

        Tutorials on the 8052 Microcontroller, also 8051 and the DS80C320.

- Op Amp Tutorial -

        A Tutorial on the Operational Amplifier with emphasis on the 741 IC Op Amp.

        Applications such as Instrumentation Amplifier, Detector, Comparator circuits included.

- Oscilloscopes Tutorials -

        Tektronix's Guide to using the Oscilloscope.

- PCs : Parallel Ports -

        Tutorial on Parallel Ports settings and usage.

- PCs : Serial Ports -

        Tutorial on Serial Ports settings and usage.

- PCs : Joystick Ports -

        Tutorial on Joystick Ports settings and usage.

- PCB Design Process -

        Tutorial on PC Board Design including all relevant steps and basic useful information.

- PCB Design and Production -

        Design of a circuit board including all aspects from Product specification to building

        prototypes, testing and product release.

- Physics Basics Tutorials -

        University of Guelph's Physics Department (Ontario, CA) - Includes the following basic

        Physics subjects: Torque and Rotational Motion, Free-Body Diagrams, Simple Harmonic

        Motion, Dimensional Analysis and Significant Digits.

- PLCs Tutorial - 

        The basics of PLCs by History, operation and applications.

- Programming Tutorials -

        Tutorials for Assembly, C/C++, Java, Perl, SQL and more.

- Radio: Amateur Radio Tutorial  -

        Tutorial on the basic electronics knowledge required for radio amateurs.

- Semiconductor Device Principles -

        University of Colorado- B. Van Zeghbroeck.  All or mostly all about Semiconductor                        

        Device Principles including some high-level material. Mosfets, MESFETS, Bipolar              

        Transistors, Diodes, LED's.

- Smith Chart Tutorial -

        Tutorial on the Smith Chart- used for Transmission Line problems. Includes a

        downloadable Chart in pdf format.

- Solid State Physics - 

        An advanced tutorial on some aspects of solid state physics, including Crystal structures,

        Bandgap in semiconductors, lattice vibrations, and electron transport.

- Stepping Motor's Basics -

        A Tutorial on Stepping Motors by a Faculty at the University of Iowa's Computer

        Science Dept.

- Technology Basics -

        Technology advice for the novice, including computers, printers, MP3 players, TVs, digital

        cameras and camcorders, cell phones and games consoles.

- Television's Basics (Analog TV) -

        University of Washington's Electrical Engineering Dept. (Seattle, WA) - An Introduction

        to Analog Television including visual principles and Color TV.

- The 555 Timer -

        A Tutorial on the 555 Timer/Oscillator IC.  Circuit operation, possible applications and

        testing the 555 Timer IC.  Done by same person who sponsors a Circuits for Hobbysts Page.

- Transformer Tutorial - 

        A Tutorial on Transformers covering all different aspects and also including SPICE

        Simulation samples that detail the circuit's operation.

- Transistors -

        A set of Tutorials on all different transistor basics: Different configurations, biasing, feedback

        Output and input impedances, coupling and Miller effect.

- Transmission Lines Principles -

        Fundamentals of Transmission Line Theory: Transmission line model, Characteristic

        Impedance, Wave Propagation along a Transmission Line, Standing Waves.

- Web Development Tutorials -

        All kinds of Web Development topics are covered.


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